In a footballing context, the golden rule is a fundamental rule of sport that says teams should never give away chances to opponents.
The rule was adopted in the early 1960s by the Dutch FA, who wanted to reduce the chance of conceding an equaliser from two to one in the face of a penalty.
“In football, a golden goal is a chance that should be taken,” says John Eales, an expert on the game at Leeds United.
“But that’s only one of many examples where the rule can be broken.”
The golden ratio is a system devised by the German-born sports journalist Walter Pippert in 1956 that seeks to eliminate any unfair advantage in matches between two teams.
In a system that takes into account goals scored, free kicks, corner kicks and clear-cut opportunities, the ratio favours teams that concede fewer goals.
As Pippet saw it, any advantage given by a team in a match should be compensated by the other team, meaning the golden ratios system is not perfect.
But it has a positive impact, with the ratio favouring teams that are better in possession and more direct.
A better result is worth more to a team that is conceding more than they should.
It is also more beneficial to the opposition, because a team who concede more often is also likely to concede less goals, which means they should score more goals as well.
There are many more examples of golden ratios in football.
For instance, in 2012-13 the Arsenal side of the FA Cup final were in a tough battle with Southampton, with Liverpool winning 1-0, but allowing them to score four goals in the second half to win the tie.
When it came to the Europa League, Chelsea won the tie 2-0 on aggregate with the tie effectively tied 2-2 after the first half.
And a golden-ratio-friendly Barcelona side in the Copa del Rey final in 2010-11 was outclassed by a Juventus side that conceded a staggering 10 goals in a first half that saw the hosts score twice.
All of this suggests the golden-matters principle is an effective and effective way of ensuring fairness in football, and the system can be applied in other sports too.
With a golden chance in the world, how do you measure it?
It’s a tricky question, because the golden chance is the sum of the golden goals scored and the golden chances taken by the opposition.
How the golden goal was calculated How to calculate the golden shot?
The Golden Shots Table is a chart of the number of golden goals that have been scored in each of the 100 matches of the Champions League and the Europa Leagues, and how many golden goals have been taken.
Using this, you can compare how many goals have come and gone and how much value they provide.
From there, you’ll know how well teams are performing on their attacking or defensive sides.
That’s why it’s important to look at how the teams are scoring and taking chances.
Golden Shots Table for the Champions Leagues match at the Emirates Stadium, 2016-17 The table shows that Arsenal were the only team to score at least five golden shots, with three of them coming from a free kick and the other three coming from corners.
Liverpool also had two golden goals from corners, as did Everton, Chelsea and Tottenham Hotspur.
Manchester City, Tottenham and Everton had all had a golden shot in their respective match, while Bayern Munich and Juventus both had one.
The golden shots table is a useful tool, but it’s not the only one.
Other measures of success and the quality of a team are also important, and are also based on the goals scored or taken.
For example, how many players are involved in the attacking play, how well the defence holds up, how often the attack breaks down or whether the home side are unlucky in front of goal.
You can also take into account how many chances a team is producing or losing.
A golden shot can be taken when a team’s total chances in a game is at least as high as the total goals scored.
It also includes the percentage of a shot that’s going in, a percentage that is also the ratio of shots to the chances created.
This table shows how often a team has a golden shoot in a Champions League match.
A golden shot is taken when the team is able to score a goal or convert a penalty in a Premier League match or a Europa League match, or when they are scoring more than their opponents in a league match.
Another measure of quality is the percentage points scored or conceded.
In all competitions, this is also a measure of how well a team performs.
An example of the best of both worlds is Barcelona, who were the second-best team in the league last season, but they were also fourth-worst when it came a shot conversion rate of around one per game.